Injuries,Terms, and Definitions


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The Injury page is to give you a basic understanding of the injuries that your player may have.  Each injury can be a little different and effect players in different ways.  Refer to our Player stories or send your questions for the proper interpretation on how each injury will affect a particular player. 

Injury Science- the systematic study of injuries using a scientific approach; proven evidence pertaining to injury behavior and management; and performance data analysis to identify injury probabilities, severities, and recovery times.

Freaky Talented vs. Supremely Skilled- A classification philosophy that helps me project injuries, performance, and longevity of players. Freaky Talented players are identified as players who can rely on extreme talents such as speed, acceleration, strength, stature, or other gifts that even shine in comparison to other professional athletes. Supremely Skilled Athletes are those who may have average or below average talent but their skills allow them to play at an elite level. These players tend to be a lower injury risk, as their talent does not push their bodies to limits that they can not handle.

Best examples:

Freaky Talented athlete-Randy Moss, Roy Jones, Jr, Bo Jackson, Allen Iverson, Mike Tyson

Supremely Skilled athlete-Tim Duncan, Peyton Manning, Floyd Mayweather, Kobe Bryant, Jerry Rice

Best combo of both-Michael Jordan, Deion Sanders



A contusion is just a fancy word for a bruise.  With most contusion there are a few broken blood vessels which causes some swelling and pain.  Most athletes will play through most contusions, although there are exceptions.

For information about a specific Contusion injury, send your questions to


A dislocation injury is very self-explanatory as the definition is in the word.  Dislocations always refer to joints and signify that at least one bone has moved from its normal position.  These injuries are generally painful as for a bone to dislocate it must force its way through all of its surrounding protective structures.  A dislocation can happen at any joints but the shoulder joint is the most common.  The healing time after a dislocation injury will vary and will be based on the damage the bone did as it moved to its new location.  In many cases ligaments and muscles are stretched during this process and along with the dislocation, the individual will also suffer a sprain/strain injury or even a tear.  Treatment for these injuries will generally involve some level of decreased activity for the joint or immobilization of the joint to allow the protective structures (ligament and/or muscles) to heal so they can once again return to their role of keeping the joint intact.  In essence the dislocation healing time is not dependent on the bone as it can usually be relocated very shortly after the injury, the healing process is however dependent on the healing of the protective and supportive tissues.  For time loss due to dislocations, refer to the sprain and strain injury section for more details.

For more information about a specific Dislocation injury, send your questions to


A fractured bone is generally considered a serious injury.  By definition, a fracture means the bone has been separated into two or more pieces.  Fractures are generally classified into open or closed.  Open fracture indicate that the fractured bone broke through the skin and Closed fractures indicate that the bone did not break through the skin.  This is very important in regards to infection.  The next important classification with fractures is displaced or non-displaced.  Displaced fracture simply means the bone moves out of its normal position, while a Non-displaced fracture indicates that although fractured, the bone has kept its normal alignment.  Beyond these 2 important classifications, there are many types of fractures that range from minor to major challenges for athletes to overcome.  With many of the more serious fractures, players will generally be out for the season and in most cases will require immobilization, surgery, or both.

For information about a specific Fracture, send your question to


Sprains are injuries to ligaments.  A ligaments job is to hold bones together and to limit their movement in harmful directions.  When a ligament is sprained it will be graded as follows:

Grade 1 minimal tearing with some swelling and pain, but the joint is stable.  Most should play through this.

Grade 2 moderate tearing with considerable swelling and pain, joint stability may be somewhat compromised.  WIth treatment and some additional support from a brace, taping, or a support sleeve; many can play through the pain.  Some may miss a little time with this type of injury, depending on which ligament is sprained.

Grade 3-A Grade 3  sprain is considered a complete tearing or rupture of the ligament.  This causes the associated joint to be unstable in most cases and will cause the athlete to be out for some time.  With some of the more important ligaments such as the Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL), the time loss will be significant.

For information about a specific Sprain injury, send your questions to


Strains refer to injury to a muscle or tendon area.  Muscles and tendons are primarily responsible for moving bones.  Tendons are what connect the muscle to the bone, while the muscle generates the force to move the bone or bones it is responsible for.  When muscle or tendon is strained it is generally due to over stretching of the structure or contracting the structure to strongly and/or quickly.  The grades are as follows:

Grade 1 minimal or no tearing to the muscle or tendon although the muscle fibers have been over stretched or contracted.  Generally there is mild pain and swelling, but most will continue play with a grade 1 strain or miss minimal time

Grade 2 indicates some level of muscle tearing which will usually cause pain, swelling and some loss of strength.  Depending on the area, player may or may not miss time with a grade 2 strain.

Grade 3 In this case the muscle or tendon is completely ruptured (torn) and this will cause significant time off the field in most cases.  A rupture generally means significant or complete loss of strength in that area and re-attaching the muscle in many cases will require surgery or prolonged immobilization.  An interesting trait for most with grade 3 ruptures is that there may be less pain than their grade 1 or 2 counterparts.  By tearing completely, the nerve fibers at the torn ends seem to be less irritated as they are mostly static (not moving or being pulled at); where as with partial tears, the muscle is still able to contract and stretch which can cause a painful tension through the fibers that are torn.

For information about a specific Strain injury, send your questions to


4 thoughts on “Injuries,Terms, and Definitions”

    1. Hahaha! I feel the same way. I want to share these entries that provide some very good insight into the sports injury world but then again, I don’t want my friends (bka, “competition”) finding out and using it against me! Maybe if I can get a decent trade for J. Nelson (your Dion Lewis article swayed me on the risk>reward), then I’ll spread the wealth on Facebook with everyone.
      Keep up the good work Doc!

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